The doctor-patient argumentation: the problem of communication from a rhetorical and bioethical point of view

  • Cinzia Caporale | cinzia.caporale@cnr.it Centro Interdipartimentale per l’Etica e l’Integrità nella Ricerca, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy.
  • Roberta Martina Zagarella Istituto di Tecnologie Biomediche (Sede di Roma), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy.

Abstract

In the era of medical post-paternalism, the doctor-patient communication has been investigated from many different perspectives. In general, however, these researches imply a view of language that is problematic both from a theoretical and bioethical point of view. Starting from this consideration, in the first part of the article we analyze the discursive doctor-patient interaction within the context of philosophy of language, discussing in particular three widespread and false beliefs about communication (language as a tool; the transmission model of communication; prejudice against persuasion). Cleared the field from these prejudices, in the second part two diverse models of argumentation are compared (pragma-dialectics and rhetoric), in favour of an intertwining between rhetoric and bioethics in describing the doctor-patient interaction.

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Published
2020-07-21
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Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
doctor-patient argumentation, rhetoric, deliberation, informed consent
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How to Cite
Caporale, C., & Zagarella, R. M. (2020). The doctor-patient argumentation: the problem of communication from a rhetorical and bioethical point of view. Medicina E Morale, 69(2), 139-158. https://doi.org/10.4081/mem.2020.612