Medicina e Morale <p><strong>Medicina e Morale. Rivista internazionale di Bioetica</strong>&nbsp;is a scientific bimonthly journal promoted by the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (UCSC). The Journal publishes original articles on bioethics, moral philosophy, medical ethics, deontology, philosophy of law, and related disciplines, as well as case studies in which ethical dilemmas are relevant. Started up by Catholic Doctors of Turin, with the aim of reflecting on medico-moral issues, the Journal has published the first issue in 1951, under the direction of Fr. Agostino Gemelli (UCSC’s Rector), Peter Sisto (Professor of Special Pathology at the University of Turin) and Peter Swifts (Professor of Biological Chemistry at the University of Milan). Physicians Enzo De Lorenzi and Gian Pietro Ravera worked as Editorial Staff. From No. 1 on 1955 “Vita e Pensiero” publisher bought the Journal, but Editor-in-Chief and Editor Staff were unchanged. In 1973 the above-mentioned publisher tried to implement the Journal by a major involvement of the Faculty of Medicine. Prof. Angelo Fiori, forensic scientist, became the Editor-in-chief and the Editorial Committee and the Editorial Staff were enlarged. In 1974 Prof. Elio Sgreccia started to collaborate with the Journal, and later he became Editor, alongside Prof. Fiori. The Journal broadened its horizon, dealing with Bioethics. After some administrative difficulties in 1983, “Medicina e Morale”, managed by the Faculty of Medicine at UCSC, came quickly to the milestone of over 3000 subscribers, partly from foreign countries. In December 2015, the Rector of UCSC has issued a decree on the journal "Medicina and Morale. Rivista internazionale di Bioetica”, which, together with the Code of ethics previously published, outlines the new structure, defining in more detail the scope and the role of the different organs. Prof. Antonio G. Spagnolo, director of the Institute of Bioethics and Medical Humanities of the UCSC, has been appointed as director. We can say with justifiable satisfaction, that now the Journal has a credit in Italy and in other countries around the world and it is present in several important Universities and Cultural Institutions.</p> PAGEPress Publications, Pavia, Italy en-US Medicina e Morale 0025-7834 “Il meglio ci sta sempre di fronte ed è sempre possibile” <p>Not available</p> Antonio G. Spagnolo Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 68 2 119 123 10.4081/mem.2019.577 The principle of therapeutic prudence. Beyond the ordinary-extraordinary and proportionate-disproportionate distinctions <p>Traditionally, the question of whether it is obligatory to use a particular therapeutic means was resolved by considering the use of ordinary therapeutic means as obligatory while the use of extraordinary therapeutic means was considered non-obligatory. Following criticism, this distinction has since shifted to the consideration of proportionate versus disproportionate therapeutic means as a way of resolving the question. In this article we intend to show that the two distinctions are not equivalent, and though necessary, are insufficient to qualify good medical action. Therapeutic prudence remains indispensable for identifying the best medical option for each patient.</p> Pablo Requena Meana Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 68 2 125 139 10.4081/mem.2019.578 Too sick for drugs. Too knotty for principles. Scientific research, ethics and cinema <p>A narrative approach to biomedical ethics helps to prevent conceptual abstractions and moralistic deductions, even within the context of the dilemmas raised by pharmacological research. Ethical principles cannot be mechanically applied to concrete situations. First of all, we need to discern the meaning of an action in the light of the whole human story in which this action is inscribed. Moreover, the various ethical theories (which link, structure and prioritize principles) rest on original stories, on visions of the world, which outline ideal examples of behavior. This article specifies each ethical principle, comparing it to cinematographic plots and literary images, in order to verify the pertinence of the rules and judgments formulated regarding problematic aspects of scientific investigation. These films usefully trace social representations and emotionally complex individual experiences, preparing a public debate and responsible deliberation.</p> Paolo Marino Cattorini Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 68 2 141 164 10.4081/mem.2019.579 From being born to being technological. The bioethical revolution of Peter Sloterdijk <p>The origin of the human being has always been identified with human generation. Nowadays, with the introduction of new technologies, reproduction is changing completely, taking on new features. This change involves a radical re-formulation of the anthropological perspective connected to the domain of “nativity”. Through an analysis of Peter Sloterdijk’s thought, this article explores the overturning of the reference model: instead of considering the human being as son, the model sees it as a technical product. This study focuses in particular on the changes made by Sloterdijk to the lexicon linked to the thematic area of “generation”, with the aim of showing how the “motherson” terms are used with a completely distorted meaning. The goal is to analyse and evaluate Sloterdijk’s anthropological revolution, so as to expose the theoretic contradictions of the proposed paradigm shift.</p> Cecilia Della Torre Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 68 2 165 179 10.4081/mem.2019.580 For an education in solidarity: from global bioethics to the ethics of complexity <p>The contribution proposes an excursus that goes from criticism to the ideology of homo oeconomicus, to education in bioethics as a training in solidarity, passing through the global bioethics of Van Potter and highlighting its ecological curvature, ending with a combination of bioethics and Morin’s ethics of complexity. If the radical ethical crisis, that really afflicts contemporary man, is based on the reductionist conception that solves man in the economistic instance, we urgently need to renew the ordinary gnoseological and moral categories, so that the man can rediscover the complexity of its identity, in which the values of altruism and solidarity are inscribed. In this mission, bioethics and complex thought share the common purpose of educational reform.</p> Maria Laura Giacobello Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 68 2 181 196 10.4081/mem.2019.581 Gender’s post-feminism and transhumanism <p>The corollary of the humanist project for human enhancement is transhumanism, which considers post-human modes of existence to be desirable, and aspires to overcome our vulnerability by incorporating available technology into our nature. One of its manifestations is the queer theory, which calls for actively redefining the “self”, starting with the sexed body and its functioning. This article analyses the transhumanist impulse and the queer theory from the concepts of emancipation and progress, asking the following questions: a) What do both terms mean when we refer to human beings? and b) Are transhumanism and the queer theory examples of true emancipation and progress, or conversely, a relapse into to our primitive state of nature that orders praxis to the subjugation of nature and the imperative of self-preservation?</p> Enrique Eduardo Burguete Miguel Copyright (c) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 68 2 197 210 10.4081/mem.2019.582